Ablative therapies for hepatic and biliary tumors: endohepatology coming of age

Jinendra Satiya, Ingrid Schwartz, James H. Tabibian, Vivek Kumar, Mohit Girotra


Ablative therapies refer to minimally invasive procedures performed to destroy abnormal tissue that may arise with many conditions, and can be achieved clinically using chemical, thermal, and other techniques. In this review article, we explore the different ablative therapies used in the management of hepatic and biliary malignancies, namely hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), with a particular focus on radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) techniques.