Article Abstract

Efficacy and safety of APT036 versus simethicone in the treatment of functional bloating: a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, parallel group, clinical study

Authors: Ovidiu Burta, Claudia Iacobescu, Radu Bogdan Mateescu, Tudor Nicolaie, Nicoleta Tiuca, Corina Silvia Pop


Background: Bloating is a common symptom reported by around 16% to 31% of the general population. Functional bloating is diagnosed in patients with recurrent symptoms of bloating who do not meet the diagnostic criteria of irritable bowel syndrome or other functional gastrointestinal disorders.
Methods: This double-blind, multicentre, randomised study compared the safety and efficacy of APT036 (xyloglucan plus tyndallized Lactobacillus reuteri and Bifidobacterium brevis; Aprotecol®) and simethicone in treating functional bloating in adults. APT036 or simethicone were administered orally (3 times/day) for 20 consecutive days, with evaluations at baseline, and on Days 2, 10, 20 (end of treatment) and 30 (follow-up visit). The main outcome measure was safety. Efficacy was assessed at each visit by patient-reported symptom severity (Likert scale) and abdominal girth measurement. A hydrogen breath test was performed at baseline and Day 20.
Results: Both APT036 (n=54) and simethicone (n=54) were well tolerated by study subjects; no adverse effects were reported with either treatment. Compared with simethicone, APT036 significantly reduced abdominal distension (P=0.008) and flatulence (P=0.010) from baseline to Day 30. The baseline hydrogen breath test confirmed the presence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in all subjects. At Day 20, mean hydrogen gas elevation was below the threshold for a diagnosis of SIBO (<12 ppm above basal on glucose administration) in both study arms.
Conclusions: Both APT036 and simethicone had good safety profiles but APT036 was superior to simethicone in relieving symptoms of functional bloating.