Article Abstract

Understanding and quantifying the immune microenvironment in hepatocellular carcinoma

Authors: Juan C. Osorio, James J. Harding


Kim and colleagues reported recently on the molecular and functional phenotypes of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) derived from a cohort of patients with early stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (1). Briefly, cytometric methods were employed to isolate and to interrogate TILs and hepatic lymphocytes from 90 surgically-resected specimens from a single academic center.