Article Abstract

Intraperitoneal free cancer cells in gastric cancer: pathology of peritoneal carcinomatosis and rationale for intraperitoneal chemotherapy/hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in gastric cancer

Authors: Zhong-He Ji, Kai-Wen Peng, Yan Li

Abstract

Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is one of the most common causes of death in gastric cancer patients. Intraperitoneal free cancer cells (IFCCs) play a very important role in forming PC, but the administration of intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC) and/or hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) could be an effective treatment for IFCCs. This review focuses on the origin of IFCCs, the mechanism of PC formatting, the rationale of IPC/HIPEC, and the current clinical trials on IPC/HIPEC to treat advanced gastric cancer patients.